Unlawful Activities (prevention) Amendment Act, 2019

The Unlawful Activities Amendment Act, 1967 was recently amended reassuring India’s commitment to finish terror from its soil. 
  • The objective of the new amendments is to facilitate speedy investigation and prosecution in terror-related offences. The most important part of it is allowing an individual to be designated as a terrorist, a measure that is in line with the global practices.
    Salient features of the amendment act are:
  • The amendment seeks to allow the government to designate an individual as terrorist and bring in embargo on arms/assets seizures.
  • Under the law, personal/financial information of an individual designated as terrorist can be shared with various Western agencies
  • Under the Act, investigation of cases may be conducted by officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent or Assistant Commissioner of Police or above. The amendment additionally empowers the officers of the NIA, of the rank of Inspector or above, to investigate cases.
  • The Amendment gives powers to DG, NIA to attach properties acquired from proceeds of terrorism.
  • The bill seeks to empower NIA to conduct raids anywhere without the relevant state government’s prior permission.
  • The act adds another treaty International Convention for Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005) to the schedule of treaties which already contain 9 treaties including the Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (1997), and the Convention against Taking of Hostages (1979).

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