Speaker And Chairman Of The State Legislature

Speaker And Chairman of The State Legislature

Each state legislature's House of Representatives has its own presiding officer. The legislative assembly has a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker, and the legislative council has a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman. A chairman's panel for the assembly and a vice-panel chairmen's for the council are also chosen.
 

Speaker of Assembly

The Speaker is chosen from among the members of the assembly. Typically, the Speaker serves for the duration of the assembly. In any of the following three cases, however, he vacates his office sooner:
 
Speaker And Chairman of The State Legislature
If he is no longer a member of the legislature;
 
If he writes to the deputy speaker to resign; and
 
If he is removed from office by a resolution passed by a majority of the assembly's members at the time.
 
A resolution like this can only be moved after 14 days of notice.
 
The Speaker's powers and responsibilities are as follows:
 
He is in charge of maintaining order and decorum in the assembly in order to conduct business and regulate proceedings. This is his main responsibility, and he has the final say in the matter.
 
Within the assembly, he is the final interpreter of the provisions of (a) the Indian Constitution, (b) the rules of procedure and conduct of business, and (c) legislative precedents.
 
In the absence of a quorum, he adjourns the meeting or suspends it.
 
In the first instance, he does not vote. In the event of a tie, he can cast the deciding vote.
 
At the request of the House leader, he can allow a'secret' sitting of the House.
 
He is the one who determines whether a bill is a Money Bill or not, and his decision is final.
 
He decides on questions of disqualification of a member of the assembly arising from defection under the Tenth Schedule's provisions.
 
He appoints the chairmen of all of the assembly's committees and oversees their operations.
 
The Business Advisory Committee, the Rules Committee, and the General Purpose Committee are all chaired by him.
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Deputy Speaker of Assembly

The Deputy Speaker, like the Speaker, is chosen by the assembly from among its members. He is elected after the Speaker of the House has been elected. The Deputy Speaker, like the Speaker, usually serves for the duration of the assembly. In any of the three cases listed below, he vacates his office earlier:
 
If he is no longer a member of the legislature;
If he writes to the speaker to resign; and
 
If he is removed from office by a resolution passed by a majority of the assembly's members at the time. A resolution like this can only be moved with 14 days' notice.
 
When the Speaker's office is vacant, the Deputy Speaker assumes responsibility. When the Speaker is unable to attend a meeting of the Assembly, he fills in for him. In both cases, he has all of the Speaker's powers.
 
The Speaker appoints a panel of chairmen from among the members. In the absence of the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker, any of them can preside over the assembly. When presiding, he has the same powers as thespeaker. He will remain in office until a new panel of chairmen is chosen.
 

Chairman of Council

The Chairman is chosen from among the members of the council. The Chairman resigns in one of the following three situations:
 
if he is no longer a member of the council; if he is no longer a member of the council; if he is no longer a member of the council
 
if he writes to the deputy chairman to resign; and
 
if he is removed from office by a resolution passed by a majority of the council's members at the time. A resolution like this can only be moved with 14 days' notice.
 
The Chairman in the council has similar powers and functions to the Speaker in the assembly as a presiding officer. The Speaker, on the other hand, has one special power that the Chairman does not. The Speaker determines whether or not a bill is a Money Bill, and his decision is final.
 
The Chairman's salary and allowances, like those of the Speaker, are set by the state legislature.
 
They are charged to the State's Consolidated Fund and thus are not subject to the state legislature's annual vote.
 

Deputy Chairman of Council

Speaker And Chairman of The State Legislature
The Deputy Chairman, like the Chairman, is chosen by the council from among its members.
 
In any of the following three situations, the deputy chairman vacates his position:
 
if he is no longer a member of the council; if he is no longer a member of the council; if he is no longer a member of the council
 
if he submits a letter of resignation to the Chairman; and
 
if he is removed from office by a resolution passed by a majority of the council's members at the time. Only 14 days notice is required for such a resolution to be moved. When the Chairman's office is vacant, the Deputy Chairman assumes the duties of the Chairman. When the Chairman is unable to attend a council meeting, he fills in for him. In both cases, he has all of the Chairman's powers.
 
A panel of vice-chairmen is chosen by the Chairman from among the members. In the absence of the Chairman or the Deputy Chairman, any of them can preside over the council. When presiding, he has the same powers as the chairman. He will remain in office until a new panel of vice-chairmen is elected.

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