Legislative Procedure In State Legislature

Legislative Procedure In State Legislature

How an Ordinary Bills is Pass in the State Legislature?

Ordinary bills can come from either chamber of the state legislature (in case of a bicameral legislature).
 
Legislative Procedure In State Legislature
A minister or any other member of the legislature can introduce such a bill. The bill goes through three stages in the House of Representatives, namely,
 
 First reading,
 Second reading, and
 Third reading.
 
The bill is sent to the second House for consideration and passage after it is passed by the first House. Only when both Houses agree on a bill, with or without amendments, is it considered to have been passed by the state legislature. A bill passed by the legislative assembly is sent directly to the governor for his signature in the case of a unicameral legislature.
 
The bill passes through all three stages in the second House, namely first reading, second reading, and third reading. When a bill is approved by the legislative assembly and sent to the legislative council, the latter has four options:
 
It may pass the bill in its entirety (i.e., without amendments) as sent by the assembly.
 
It could amend the bill and send it back to the assembly for reconsideration;
 
It has the power to reject the bill outright.
 
It is possible that it will take no action and thus keep the bill pending.
 
If the council passes the bill without amendments or the assembly accepts the council's proposed amendments, the bill is considered to have passed both Houses and is sent to the governor for his signature. If, on the other hand, the assembly rejects the council's proposed amendments, the council rejects the bill entirely, or the council fails to act for three months, the assembly may pass the bill again and send it to the council. If the council rejects the bill again, passes it with amendments that are unacceptable to the assembly, or fails to pass it within one month, the bill is considered to have been passed by both Houses in the form in which it was passed by the assembly for the second time.
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As a result, the assembly has the final say on whether or not to pass a regular bill. The bill can be detained or delayed for a maximum of four months by the council—three months in the first instance and one month in the second. The Constitution does not provide for a mechanism for both Houses to sit together in joint session to resolve a bill disagreement. A joint sitting of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, on the other hand, is provided to resolve a disagreement between the two over an ordinary bill. Furthermore, when a bill that originated in the council and was sent to the assembly is rejected by the assembly, the bill comes to an end and is declared dead. As a result, the council has been given far less importance, power, and authority than the Rajya Sabha at the centre.
 

Assent of The Governor

Every bill is presented to the governor for his assent after it has been passed by the assembly or both Houses in the case of a bicameral legislature. The governor has four options in front of him:
 
He has the option of signing the bill;
 
He has the option of refusing to sign the bill;
 
He has the option of returning the bill to the House or Houses for reconsideration; and
 
He has the option of reserving the bill for the President's consideration.
 
When the governor signs the bill, it becomes an Act and is entered into the Statute Book. If the governor refuses to sign the bill, it will expire and will not become an Act. If the governor sends the bill back to the House or both Houses for reconsideration, the bill must be passed by the House or both Houses again, with or without amendments, and presented to the governor for his signature. As a result, the governor has only a conditional veto. The situation is the same at the national level as well.
 

Assent of the President

When the governor reserves a bill for the President's consideration, the President may give his assent to the bill, withhold his assent to the bill, or return the bill to the House or Houses of the state legislature for reconsideration. When a bill is returned to the House or Houses, it must be reconsidered within six months. After passing the House or Houses with or without amendments, the bill is presented to the president for his signature. The president is not required to give his assent to such a bill, according to the Constitution.
 

How The Money Bill is Passed in State Legislature?

Money Bills must be passed through a special procedure in the state legislature, according to the Constitution. This is how it goes:
 
In the legislative council, a Money Bill cannot be introduced. It can only be introduced in the legislative assembly, and only on the governor's recommendation. Every bill of this nature is considered a government bill, and it can only be introduced by a minister.
 
Legislative Procedure In State Legislature
A Money Bill is sent to the legislative council for consideration after it has been passed by the legislative assembly. In the case of a Money Bill, the legislative council has limited powers. A Money Bill cannot be rejected or amended by it. It can only make recommendations and has 14 days to return the bill to the legislature. The legislative assembly can accept or reject all or any of the legislative council's recommendations.
 
If the legislative assembly accepts a recommendation, the bill is considered to have been passed in its modified form by both Houses. If the legislative assembly rejects any recommendation, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses in the same form as it was first passed by the legislative assembly.
 
If the legislative council does not return the bill to the legislative assembly within 14 days, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses in the form originally passed by the legislative assembly at the end of the period. As a result, when it comes to a money bill, the legislative assembly has more power than the legislative council. A money bill can be detained or delayed for a maximum of 14 days by the legislative council.
 
Finally, when a governor is presented with a Money Bill, he has the option of giving his assent, withholding his assent, or reserving the bill for presidential assent, but he cannot return the bill to the state legislature for reconsideration.
 
Normally, the governor signs a money bill as soon as it is introduced in the state legislature with his consent. When a money bill is reserved for the President's consideration, the president may give or withhold his assent to the bill, but the bill cannot be returned to the state legislature for reconsideration.

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