Movement Of The Indian Plate

The Indian plate includes Peninsular India and the Australian continental portions. The subduction zone along the Himalayas forms the northern plate boundary in the form of Continent-Continent convergence.
Movement Of The Indian Plate
  • In the east, it extends through the Rakinyoma Mountains of Myanmar towards the island arc along the Java Trench.
  • The Western margin follows the Kirthar Mountain of Pakistan. It further extends along the Makrana coast and joins the spreading site from the Red Sea rift southeastward along the Chagos Archipelago.
  • India was a large island situated off the Australian coast, in a vast ocean. The Tethys Sea separated it from the Asian continent until about 225 million years ago. India is supposed to have started her northward journey about 200 million years ago at the time when Pangaea broke.
  • India collided with Asia about 40-50 million years ago causing rapid uplift of the Himalayas. About 140 million years before the present, the subcontinent was located as south as 50 degrees south latitude.
  • The two major plates were separated by the Tethys Sea and the Tibetan block was closer to the Asiatic landmass. During the movement of the Indian plate towards the Asiatic plate, a major event that occurred was the outpouring of lava and formation of the Deccan Traps.

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