Kanger Valley National Park

Kanger Valley National Park

Kanger valley national park is situated in the Jagdalpur near Bastar in the state of Chhattisgarh. Being India’s most dense forest it is renowned for its landscape beauty, biodiversity, and its wide range of flora and fauna. 
 
Kanger Valley National Park
FACTS ABOUT KANGER VALLEY NATIONAL PARK
•    It was established as a national park in the year 1982.
•    The national park derives its name from the Kanger river that flows through it.
•    The Kanger national park is spread on a total area of 200 sq km.
•    To be exact the park is located along the banks of the river Kholaba which is at teh distance of 20 km from Jagdalpur.
•    The Cuddapah group of rock formations, as well as the Vindhyan group of rock formations, are the most prevalent rock formations in the park. 
•    Shales which are found in the dense forest of the Kanger national park, are the most common rock formations in the Cuddapah group, which are horizontally bedded, calcareous in many places.
•    Slate is the other type of rock formation found in the Kanger national park.
•    The soils are predominantly residual in character and are yellowish-brown, brownish red, reddish, and brown in hue. 
•    On the hilltops and slopes, the soil is poor and rocky. Alluvial soils, high and low level laterites, and ferruginous conglomerates represent recent deposits.
Prelims Couse Ads
Click Here
•    The park is named after the Kanger River Valley. The river flows through deep gorges from the northwest to the southeast. 
•    Both sides of the valley are steep and surrounded by mountain ranges. The park is hilly throughout. 
•    The eastern part is fairly hilly, whereas the western half is very flat. Hills are interlaced with little plateaus. Seasonal nallahs may be found throughout the park, and these nallahs join Kanger River on both sides.
•    The state bird of Chattisgarh, the Bastar Hill Myna, is the most famous species in this area since it can imitate human voices. Other migrating and permanent birds can also be seen in the woodland.
•    Kutumbasar, Kailash, and Dandak are three spectacular caves in the park, known for their geological features of stalagmites and stalactites. It's also noted for its limestone caves beneath the surface.
•    While conducting a plant survey in the Kanger Valley National Park in Bastar, Chhattisgarh, researchers discovered Ophiocordyceps nutans (fungi) for the first time in central India.
•    Ophiocordyceps nutans feeds on Halyomorpha halys, a particular bug.
•    The stink insect, Halyomorpha halys, is a pest that attacks forest trees and agricultural crops.
•    Soybean, green bean, apple, pear, and other fruits and flowers have been found to be harmed by the stink bug.
•    These fungi have been proved in studies to be effective biological pest control agents against stink bugs.
•    The use of these fungus as a pesticide could assist to lessen the detrimental effects of pesticides in the field.
•    The fungus Ophiocordyceps has therapeutic qualities in several species.
•    According to reports, China has been utilising it for a long time.
•    Locals in the Western Ghats employ these fungi as an immunity booster.
•    They're high in physiologically active metabolites, vitamin C, and phenolic compounds (a disinfectant used in home cleansers), as well as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capabilities.
•    According to scientists, it includes a component known as "cordycepin" that has anti-cancer capabilities.
 
Kanger Valley National Park
DOMINANT FAUNA
Mammals – Tigers, Leopards, Mouse Deer, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrel, Wild Cat, Chital, Sambar, Barking Deer, Jackals, Langurs, Wild Boar, Striped Hyena, Rabbits etc.
Reptiles – Pythons, Crocodiles, Monitor Lizards, Cobra, Snakes etc.
 
DOMINANT FLORA
Trees – Teak, Haldu, Sal, Tendu, Mahua, Saja, Bija, Dhavara, Tinsa, Suria, Kushum, Semal, Harra, Padar, Kasai etc.
Grasses – Chir, Phulbahari, Kans, Kusal, Khus etc.
Climbers – Mahulbel, Satawar, Palas bel, Ramdaton, Malar etc.
Parasites – Amarbel, Bandha etc.

Any suggestions or correction in this article - please click here

Share this Post:

Related Posts: