Examples of The Internet of Things (IoT) is those devices that interact with each other in real-time i.e. IOT means taking all the things in the world and connecting them to the internet.
WHAT IS THE INTERNET OF THINGS?
- IoT across wireless networks is the interconnection of digital devices, humans, computers, appliances, and other objects with each other.
- This helps machines and people to be linked and interact with each other as well.
- It is perceived to be the Internet's future. This version of the internet is about data that things produce.
- It will be connected to any computer that can be turned on and off.
Different networks, as described below, will be linked to each other:
- BAN (Body Area Network) – Wearables
- LAN (Local Area Network) – Smart Homes
- WAN (Wide Area Network) – Connected Cars
- VWAN (Very Wide Area Network) – Smart City
APPLICATIONS OF INTERNET OF THINGS:
Smart Home: Smart Home has been the groundbreaking ladder of residential space success and smart homes are projected to become as prevalent as smartphones.
Smart cities: IoT will fix major challenges faced by people living in cities, such as pollution, traffic congestion, energy supply shortages, etc.
Agriculture: Major data insights are used by farmers to produce better investment returns. Some basic IoT applications are sensing soil moisture and nutrients, regulating water use for plant growth, and determining custom fertilizer.
Usage of energy: Smart grids will also be able to identify power outputs more easily and at individual household levels, such as local solar panels, making distributed energy systems feasible.
Healthcare: The information gathered will assist in the personalized analysis of the health of an individual and include tailor-made solutions to treat illness.
Connected car: It is responsible for decision-making with accuracy, precision, and pace. It has to be accurate as well.
Manufacturing: Intelligent IoT systems allow rapid new product manufacturing, dynamic response to product demands, and real-time optimization of manufacturing and supply chain networks through combined networking of machinery, sensors, and control systems.
Environmental monitoring: To aid in environmental conservation by monitoring the quality of air or water, atmospheric or soil conditions, which may also include areas such as wildlife and habitat movement monitoring.
Supply chain: The exact location of single good in a large warehouse can be shared by putting RFID or NFC tags on individual products, thereby saving search time, streamlining infrastructure, and lowering labour costs.
INDIA AND THE INTERNET OF THINGS
As part of the Digital India project, the Indian government outlined a strategy for leveraging IoT. A budget allocation was given by the government to build 100 smart cities, to conserve water and electricity, and improve healthcare, transport, and safety.
In India, the NDCP (National Digital Communications Policy) has brought together crucial stakeholders to advance India's digital communications infrastructure and security.
RECOMMENDATIONS BY JUSTICE BN SRIKRISHNA COMMITTEE
Provisions for the protection of personal data were provided in the Data Protection Framework submitted by the Justice Srikrishna Committee, including the right of the user to information, consent, and the right to request companies to remove their data, if preferred. It leaned, however, strongly towards higher regulations and did not clarify how customer data could be shielded from excessive government surveillance.
The committee proposes that:
- The processing of personal data (collection, recording, review, disclosure, etc.) can only be carried out for "simple, precise, and lawful" purposes.
- The committee also suggests granting the "right to be forgotten" to an individual.
- 'Sensitive' personal data (e.g. passwords, financial data, sexual identity, biometric data, religion, or caste) should not be processed unless express permission is given by anyone.
- A Data Protection Authority should be created to "protect the interests of data principals (persons who supply their data)."
- The 2016 Aadhaar Act should be amended to ensure UIDAI 's autonomy and to "strengthen data security."
- The RTI Act 2003 should be amended in such a way that there is no requirement to report personal data that is not relevant to "a public activity or interest."
BENEFITS OF THE INTERNET OF THINGS
CHALLENGES AND RISKS OF USING INTERNET OF THINGS
Privacy breach: Daily Life is tracked and registered. The probability of hackers breaking into the system and stealing the data is still there.
Technology over-reliance: relying on technology on a day-to-day basis, making decisions through the knowledge it offers up could lead to destruction. No system is fault-free and stable.
Loss of jobs: There will be a sack of jobs due to fast and accurate job formation.
Complexity: It is very complicated to plan, build, and maintain and allow large-scale IoT technology.