# What Are The Land Measurement Units Used In India

## India's Standard Land Measuring Units:

Different terminology are used across the country to describe the area of a landed property depending on the State. It is usually advisable to have a basic understanding of the common land measuring units used in India in order to better grasp a seller's offer, the conditions outlined in the land documents, and to determine the value of land.

In India, typical land measurement units include hectares, acres, square meters, and square yards (Gaj). Terms like Cent, Guntha, and Ground are exclusively associated with the South, but Bigha and Marla are frequently used in the North. The sizes of the units differ from State to State depending on their names.

## What Separates A Plot From A Ground?

A ground is a land area with a square footage of 2,400, as opposed to a plot, which refers to any piece of land, regardless of size. The measurement is typically provided in ground area or square feet in the land documents that outline the layouts for the land.

## List Of Some Of The Common Land Measurement Units

Unit of Area Conversion Unit

1 Square Feet (sq. ft.) 144 sq. in (1 feet is 12 inches)

1 Square Centimeters 0.00107639 sq. ft.

1 Square Inch 0.0069444 sq. ft.

1 Square Kilometer (sq. km) 247.1 acres

1 Square Meter (sq. m) 10.76391042 sq. ft.

1 Square Mile 640 acres or 259 hectares

1 Square Yard (sq. yd.) 9 sq. ft.

1 Acre 4840 sq. yd. or 100.04 cents (standard unit to measure land)

1 Hectare 10000 sq. m or 2.49 acres approximately

1 Bigha 968 sq. yd.

1 Biswa 151.25 sq. yd.

1 Killa 4840 sq. yd.

1 Ghumaon 4840 sq. yd.

1 Kanal 5445 sq. ft. or 605 sq. yd.

1 Chatak 180 sq. ft.

1 Kattha 600 sq. ft.

## What Distinguishes Square Meter (Sq. M) From Hectare?

The area bounded by a square with sides of one meter is known as a square meter. One acre is equal to 4,047 sq. m, while one square meter equals 10.76 square feet. Agricultural land is measured in acres, whereas residential plots are typically measured in square feet.

Contrarily, hectares are utilized for planning, agriculture, and land sales. A hectare is 10,000 square meters.

## Identifying Your Property's Location:

After providing the required provisions for roads, parks, schools, hospitals, marketplaces, and other amenities, a plot of land is divided into residential plots. The layout sketch can be used to determine the number and size of the plots. In the case of a resale property, the Sale Deed contains information on the property, including its location.

Typically, the area of a residential property is given in square feet (sq. ft.). In contrast, the property area for agricultural lands is specified in terms of acres or hectares. You must multiply the available land's length and width in order to determine its size.

## Land Measurement Units Used In North India

Units States used in Conversion

1 Bigha-Pucca Bihar and parts of UP, Punjab, and Haryana 3025 sq. yd., 1 Pucca-Bigha=165 ft.*165 ft.

1 Bigha Parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand 968 sq. yd.

Bigha- Kachha (Kachha Bigha is one-third of Pucca Bigha.) Some parts of Punjab, Haryana, UP 1008.33 sq. yd.

1 Biswa Pucca Upper parts of UP, Punjab, Haryana 151.25 sq. yd.

1 Biswa Some parts of HP, Uttarakhand 48.4 sq. yd.

1 Biswa (Kaccha) (1/20 of Bigha Kaccha) Lower parts of Punjab, Haryana, UP 50.417 sq. yd.

1 Biswansi UP, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand 1/20 Biswa. 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis

1 Killa Parts of Haryana and Punjab 4840 sq. yd. (An Acre is also known as Killa)

1 Ghumaon Some parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab 4840 sq. yd.

1 Kanal Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir 5445 sq. ft. 8 Kanals is 1 Acre

## Land Measurement Units Used In South India

Units States used in Conversion

1 Ankanam Parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka 72 sq. ft., 1Acre=605 Ankanams

1 Cent Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka 435.6 sq. ft.

1 Ground Parts of Tamil Nadu 2400 sq. ft.

1 Guntha Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka 1089 sq. ft.

1 Kuncham Andhra Pradesh 484 sq. yd., 1 Kuncham=10 cents

In addition to Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the term "Guntha" is frequently used in Maharashtra.

## Land Measurement Units Used In East India

Units States used in Conversion

1 Chatak West Bengal 180 sq. ft.

1 Decimal West Bengal 48.4 sq. yd., 1Acre=100 decimals

1 Dhur Bihar and Jharkhand 68.0625 sq. ft.

1 Dhur Tripura 3.6 sq. ft.

1 Kattha Assam 2880 sq. ft., 1 Bigha (Assam) has 5 Katthas

1 Kattha Bengal 720 sq. ft., 1 Bigha (Bengal) has 20 Katthas

1 Kattha Bihar 1361.25 sq. ft., 1 Bigha (Bihar) has 20 Katthas

1 Lecha Assam 144 sq. ft., 20 Lechas is 1 Kattha

Dhur and Kattha both refer to various sizes, depending on the State. Dhur is more than 68 square feet in Bihar but only 3.6 square feet in Tripura. Dhur is a language that is frequently spoken in Jharkhand as well as in Bihar and Tripura. On the other hand, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and Assam are the main usage areas for katha. Along with Dhur, it is also utilized in some regions of Bihar. Although the size varies from State to State, it typically falls between 600 and 2,800 square feet.

## Land Measurement Units Used In West India

Units States used in Conversion

1 Bigha Bihar and parts of Rajasthan Pucca 3025 sq. yd.

1 Bigha Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan 1936 sq. yd.

1 Biswa Upper parts of Rajasthan Pucca 151.25 sq. yd.

1 Biswa Lower parts of Rajasthan 96.8 sq. yd.

1 Biswansi Rajasthan 1/20 Biswa, 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis

## Land Measurement Units Used In Central India

Units States used in Conversion

1 Bigha Parts of Madhya Pradesh 1333.33 sq. yd.

1 Kattha Madhya Pradesh 600 sq. ft., 1 Bigha (MP) has 20 Kathas