Indian Navy

Indian Navy

The Indian Navy is the Indian Armed Forces' naval branch. The Indian Navy's Supreme Commander is India's President. The navy is led by the Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star admiral. The Indian Navy's motto is “Sam no Varunah”, which means "May the God of Water, Varuna, be gracious to us."
 
Indian Navy
MISSION OF INDIAN NAVY
•    Deterrence against conflict and coercion
•    Decisive military victory in case of war
•    Defence of India's territorial integrity, citizens and off-shore assets from seaborne threat
•    Influence affairs on land
•    Safeguard India's mercantile marine and maritime trade
•    Safeguard India's national interests and maritime security
 
HISTORY
The Indian Navy is descended from the East India Company's Marine, which was established in 1612 to protect British merchant shipping in the region. The Royal Indian Navy, as it had been known since 1934, was renamed Indian Navy when India became a republic in 1950.
 
MAJOR OPERATIONS OF INDIAN NAVY
The Indian Navy's contribution to the liberation of Goa from Portugal in 1961 was one of its earliest operations.
On the 4th of December, the Indian Navy commemorated Navy Day. The victory of the Indian Navy in Operation Trident during the Indo-Pak war in 1971 is commemorated on this day. In comparison to the other Armed Forces services, the Indian Navy has the smallest number of soldiers. However, it had given its all in some of the operations that led to India's dominance during the war. The Indian Navy's Marine Commandos (MARCOS) are a special force unit trained in amphibious warfare, counter-terrorism, special reconnaissance, hostage rescue, and asymmetric warfare.
 
OP RAAHAT
In 2015, Indian Armed Forces carried out an operation to evacuate people from Yemen, which was ravaged by war. The INS Sumitra was dispatched to evacuate the passengers, while the INS Mumbai and INS Tarkash were dispatched to protect the vessel. During the internal unrest in Yemen, not only Indian nationals but also foreigners were evacuated.
 
UPSC Prelims 2024 dynamic test series
OP PARAKRAM
In 2002, India and Pakistan were locked in a major standoff. It included the Indian Navy as well. This operation included 26 Indian Navy cadets under the command of a Navy captain, marking the first time in Indian Defense history that cadets were involved in any operation.
 
OP TRIDENT
It was the Indian Navy's offensive operation over Pakistan in the 1971 Indo-Pak war, when the Indian Navy attacked Pakistan's Karachi port. On 4 December, the Indian Navy observed Navy Day to commemorate the victory of this operation, in which the Indian Navy used anti-ship missiles for the first time and destroyed many Pakistani ships with no Indian casualties.
 
OP PYTHON
It came after Operation Trident, in which the Karachi port was bombed during the Indo-Pak war of 1971. During this operation, the Indian Navy attacked Pakistani ships at Karachi port, striking one Pakistani ship without causing any damage to Indian ships.
 
OP TALWAR
During the Kargil War in 1999, Operation Talwar was planned. To stop the supply of oil and fuel, the Indian Navy set up a blockade near the Karachi port for Pakistani boats. The Indian Navy also threatened to cut off Pakistan's trade routes and began patrolling the Arabian Sea. Pakistan later informed India of their fuel shortage, and appropriate measures were taken.
 
OP CACTUS
In 1988, the operation was carried out to calm the situation in the Maldives and Sri Lanka. It was organised by the Indian Armed Forces, with the Indian Navy playing a key role. The INS Godavari and the INS Betwa were both involved in the operation off the coast of Sri Lanka.
 
COMMAND STRUCTURE
There are three operational commands in the Indian Navy. Each Command is led by a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the rank of Vice Admiral. A fleet is commanded by a Rear Admiral in each of the Eastern and Western Commands. The Flag Officer Commanding Western Fleet (FOCWF) is in charge of the Western Fleet, which is based in Mumbai, and the Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet is in charge of the Eastern Fleet, which is based in Visakhapatnam (FOCEF). They each have a Commodore in charge of submarines (COMCOS). The Flag Officer Sea Training is based at the Southern Naval Command.
 
The Andaman and Nicobar Command, based in Port Blair, is a unified Indian Navy, Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and Indian Coast Guard theatre command.
 
RECRUITMENT AND TRAINING
Officers are primarily recruited through the NDA and CDS examinations, which are conducted by the UPSC, as well as other technical examinations.
• Officer training takes place at the Indian Naval Academy (INA) in Ezhimala, Kerala. It is Asia's largest naval academy, having been founded in 2009. For their later terms, cadets from the National Defence Academy also transfer to INA.
• At several naval bases along India's coastline, the Navy has specialised training establishments for gunnery, aviation, leadership, logistics, music, medicine, physical training, educational training, engineering, hydrography, submarines, and other subjects.
• Naval officers also take various staff courses at the tri-service institutions National Defence College, College of Defence Management, and Defence Services Staff College in preparation for higher command and staff positions.
• The Naval War College in Goa is the Navy's War College. The Navy runs a dedicated wing for naval architecture at IIT Delhi, which is run by the Directorate of Naval Architecture. Officers and men from friendly foreign navies are also trained by the Indian Navy.
 
RANK STRUCTURE 
OFFICER’S RANKS
1.    Admiral of the Fleet    
2.    Admiral    
3.    Vice Admiral    
4.    Rear Admiral    
5.    Commodore    
6.    Captain    
7.    Commander    
8.    Lieutenant Commander    
9.    Lieutenant    
10.    Sublieutenant    
 
OTHER RANKS
1.    Master Chief Petty Officer 
2.    1st Class Master Chief Petty Officer 
3.    2nd Class Chief Petty Officer    
4.    Petty Officer    
5.    Leading Seaman    
6.    Ordinary Seaman
 
DIFFERENT BRANCHES AND CADRES OF INDIAN NAVY
The Indian Navy has a variety of cadres divided into four major branches: executive, engineering, electrical, and education-medical.
 
Indian Navy
 
EXECUTIVE BRANCHES:
The ship is managed by an Executive Officer, who also uses the ship as a tactical weapon. Anti-Submarine Warfare, Navigation, Communications, Gunnery Logistics, Diving, and Hydrography are among the specialisations offered to Executive Officers.
• General Service (Executive) – Gs(X)
Executive officers are men's leaders, modern warfare strategists, and ambassadors for our country when in foreign waters.
• HYDRO
The Hydrographic Officer conducts surveys at sea from highly sophisticated platforms. They operate not only in Indian territorial waters, but also on the high seas, depending on the situation. In addition, surveys are conducted in foreign waters.
• PILOT
Naval pilots fly fighter planes and helicopters from ships and aircraft carriers at sea, as well as maritime reconnaissance planes from land. While providing defensive cover to our assets at sea, naval aircraft search for, locate, and attack enemy ships, submarines, and aircraft.
• OBSERVER
Maritime warfare is coordinated from the air by observers. Observer officers use cutting-edge technology such as sonics, radars, sonars, and communication systems.
• LOGISTICS
The Logistics Officer would be in charge of managing Integrated Supply Chain activities with the help of cutting-edge technology and the right managerial skills.
• NAVAL ARMAMENT INSPECTION CADRE
Inspection & Quality Assurance (QA), in-house R&D, life extension, and life assessment are the responsibilities of Naval Armament Inspection (NAI) Officers to ensure the safety, serviceability, and functional reliability of naval armaments.
• INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
The naval IT setup is unique in that it includes not only land-based but also afloat units.
• ATC
Naval fighter aircraft, maritime reconnaissance aircraft, and multi-role helicopters are all controlled by Air Traffic Control Officers in the Indian Navy, both ashore and afloat.
• LAW (JAG)
A Judge Advocate is a Judicial Officer who is appointed under Section 168 of the Navy Act, 1957.
• SPORTS
You will work as Physical Training Officers at various establishments and as Secretary/Assistant Secretary at INSCB/INSCCs as a Sports Entry Officer.
• MUSICIAN
• PROVOST OFFICER
The Navy's policing, regulatory, and security and vigilance needs are handled by a separate cadre of Provost Officers.
• DIVING OFFICER
The duties of a diving officer include everything from underwater ship inspection and repair to the protection of Indian Navy maritime assets.
 
2. ENGINEERING BRANCHES:
• GENERAL SERVICE (ENGINEER)
Onboard ships, submarines, and aircraft, an Engineer Officer operates and maintains the Marine Engineering equipment. Furthermore, there are numerous opportunities to work in Repair Yards and Maintenance Units.
• SUBMARINE
A Submarine Engineer officer responsible for the upkeep of high-end propulsion systems, such as nuclear and diesel, as well as associated systems.
• NAVAL ARCHITECTURE
Naval architects specialise in the design and construction of warships and submarines. A Naval Architect works on naval vessel design, quality control, repair, and construction.
 
3. ELECTRICAL BRANCHES:
• GENERAL SERVICE (ELECTRICAL)
An Electrical Officer is in charge of maintaining the combat readiness of advanced Missile Systems, underwater systems, long-range sensors, and advanced combat management systems, all of which use niche technologies and complex software algorithms.
• SUBMARINE
The maintenance of high-end control and weapon systems is the responsibility of a submarine electrical officer.
 
4. EDUCATION BRANCH:
Education Officers play a critical role in the Indian Navy's training of officers and sailors. In various Indian Naval Training Establishments, including the prestigious Indian Naval Academy (INA) at Ezhimala, Education Officers provide instruction. At INA education, Education Officers teach science, technical, and service subjects to naval cadets undergoing B.Tech training.
 
5. MEDICAL BRANCH:
As a Navy doctor, you'll have the chance to learn and practise military medicine while also caring for the health of the men and women in uniform and their families in both peace and war.

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