Verma Committee Observations

The Verma Committee on Fundamental Duties of the Citizens (1999) identified the existence of legal provisions for the implementation of some of the Fundamental Duties. They are mentioned below:
  • The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act (1971) prevents disrespect to the Constitution of India, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  • The various criminal laws in force provide for punishments for encouraging enmity between different sections of people on grounds of language, race, place of birth, religion and so on.
  • The Protection of Civil Rights Act (1955) provides for punishments for offences related to caste and religion.
  • The Indian Penal Code (IPC) declares the imputations and assertions prejudicial to national integration as punishable offences.
  • The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of 1967 provides for the declaration of a communal organisation as an unlawful association.
  • The Representation of People Act (1951) provides for the disqualification of members of the Parliament or a state legislature for indulging in corrupt practice, that is, soliciting votes on the ground of religion or promoting enmity between different sections of people on grounds of caste, race, language, religion and so on.UPSC Prelims 2024 dynamic test series
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 prohibits trade in rare and endangered species.
  • The Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980 checks indiscriminate deforestation and diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes.

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