Sessions Of The State Legislature

Sessions of The State Legislature

What is Summoning?

The governor summons each House of the state legislature to meet on a regular basis. The time between the two sessions of the state legislature should not exceed six months, implying that the legislature should meet at least twice a year. A state legislature session is made up of several sittings.
Sessions of The State Legislature

What is Mean By Adjournment?

An adjournment is when the work in a sitting is put on hold for a set period of time, which could be hours, days, or weeks.
The term "adjournment sine die" refers to the suspension of a state legislature session for an indefinite period of time. The presiding officer of the House has the power of adjournment as well as adjournment sine die.

What is Prorogation?

When the session's business is finished, the presiding officer (Speaker or Chairman) declares the House adjourned sine die. The governor will issue a prorogation of the session notification in the coming days. The governor, on the other hand, has the power to prorogue the House of Representatives while it is in session. A prorogation, unlike an adjournment, brings an end to a House session.

When The House is Dissolved?

The legislative council is not subject to dissolution because it is a permanent house. The legislative assembly is the only body that can be dissolved. Unlike a prorogation, a dissolution puts an end to the current House's existence, and a new House is formed after the general elections.

What Happens to A Bill After The Dissolution of The Assembly?

A bill that was pending in the assembly has expired (whether originating in the assembly or transmitted to it bythe council).
A bill that was passed by the assembly but is still pending in the council has expired.
A bill that is pending in the council but has not yet been passed by the assembly does not expire.
A bill that has been passed by the assembly (in a unicameral state) or both houses (in a bicameral state) but is awaiting the governor's or President's assent does not lapse.
A bill that has been passed by the assembly (in a unicameral state) or both Houses (in a bicameral state) but has been returned by the president for reconsideration by the House (s) does not expire.
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What Do You Mean By Quorum?

The quorum is the number of members in the House who must be present in order for the House to conduct business. It consists of ten members or one-tenth of the House's total membership (including the presiding officer), whichever is greater. If a quorum is not present during a House meeting, the presiding officer must either adjourn the meeting or suspend it until a quorum is present.

How Voting in The House Is Done?

A majority of the members present and voting, excluding the presiding officer, decide all matters at any sitting of either House. Only a few matters specifically mentioned in the Constitution, such as the removal of the speaker of the assembly, the chairman of the council, and so on, require a special majority rather than an ordinary majority. The presiding officer (in the case of the assembly, the Speaker; in the case of the council, the chairman or the person acting as such) does not vote in the first instance, but casts a casting vote in the event of a tie.

Sessions of The State Legislature

Which Language in State Legislature Is Allowed?

The official language(s) of the state, either Hindi or English, have been designated as the languages for transacting business in the state legislature by the Constitution. The presiding officer, on the other hand, can allow a member to address the House in his mother tongue. After fifteen years have passed since the Constitution's inception, the state legislature has the authority to decide whether or not to keep English as a floor language (i.e., from 1965). This time limit is twenty-five years in Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura, and forty years in Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, and Mizoram.

What are the Rights Of Ministers And Advocate General?

Every minister and the state's advocate general, in addition to House members, have the right to speak and participate in the proceedings of either House or any of its committees of which he is a member, without having the right to vote. This constitutional provision is justified for two reasons:
A minister who is not a member of a House can participate in its proceedings.
A minister who is not a member of either House can participate in both Houses' proceedings.

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