What Do You Mean By Quorum?
The quorum is the number of members in the House who must be present in order for the House to conduct business. It consists of ten members or one-tenth of the House's total membership (including the presiding officer), whichever is greater. If a quorum is not present during a House meeting, the presiding officer must either adjourn the meeting or suspend it until a quorum is present.
How Voting in The House Is Done?
A majority of the members present and voting, excluding the presiding officer, decide all matters at any sitting of either House. Only a few matters specifically mentioned in the Constitution, such as the removal of the speaker of the assembly, the chairman of the council, and so on, require a special majority rather than an ordinary majority. The presiding officer (in the case of the assembly, the Speaker; in the case of the council, the chairman or the person acting as such) does not vote in the first instance, but casts a casting vote in the event of a tie.
Which Language in State Legislature Is Allowed?
The official language(s) of the state, either Hindi or English, have been designated as the languages for transacting business in the state legislature by the Constitution. The presiding officer, on the other hand, can allow a member to address the House in his mother tongue. After fifteen years have passed since the Constitution's inception, the state legislature has the authority to decide whether or not to keep English as a floor language (i.e., from 1965). This time limit is twenty-five years in Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura, and forty years in Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, and Mizoram.
What are the Rights Of Ministers And Advocate General?
Every minister and the state's advocate general, in addition to House members, have the right to speak and participate in the proceedings of either House or any of its committees of which he is a member, without having the right to vote. This constitutional provision is justified for two reasons:
A minister who is not a member of a House can participate in its proceedings.
A minister who is not a member of either House can participate in both Houses' proceedings.
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