Inland Trade In Medieval India

Inland Trade In Medieval India


India's inland trade was reasonably well-developed during the middle Ages. At the local, regional, and interregional levels, inland trade increased. Trade relations were kept up by using land routes. The Portuguese, British, Dutch, and French trading enterprises, among others, increased trade on the Indian subcontinent after they arrived. New commercial ventures including lending money, brokerage, insurance, and other similar industries proliferated around this time as well. A sizable number of traders, Sarraf, brokers, and other business actors are also apparent. 


•    Inland trade had substantially increased during the middle Ages.
•    Every hamlet held frequent markets in neighboring towns where locals could sell and buy items.
•    Local trading was also carried out at recurrent, held on particular days of the week, markets called Hats or Penths.
•    These neighborhood marketplaces offered goods such food grain, salt, wooden and iron tools, coarse cotton clothing, and so on.
•    These neighborhood marketplaces were connected to bigger commercial hubs there.
•    These markets offered goods from various regions in addition to their own.
•    According to Ziauddin Barani's Ta'arikh-i-Firuzshahi, Delhi obtained distilled wine from Kol (Aligarh), muslin from Devagiri, striped cloth from Lakhnauati, and plain cloth from Awadh during the Sultanate period.
•    Delhi, Agra, Lahore, Multan, Bijapur, Hyderabad, Calicut, Cochin, Patna, and other cities served as commerce hubs throughout the Mughal dynasty.
•    Cross-border commerce in luxury goods was intense.
•    Bengal had a well-established inter-regional commerce network with every region of India during the Mughal era, with significant trading hubs like Hugli, Dacca, Murshidabad, Satagaon, and Patna.
•    Portuguese, Dutch, and English traders established significant regional commercial hubs in Agra in North India and Western India.
•    The Banjaras were skilled in many different trades. They used to move around, occasionally pulling a herd of oxen that were hauling ghee, salt, and other supplies along with them.
•    There were substantial traders in India who had ships of their own. Famous traders from the coasts of Surat and Coromandal were Virji Vohra and Malaya Chetti. The richest trader in the entire globe was thought to be Virji Vohra. 
Inland Trade In Medieval India


•    The Mughal era's political unity of the nation and the development of law and order in many areas were key determinants.
•    The Mughal emperors promoted trade and commerce by issuing uniform coinage and establishing set weights and measurements.
•    The expansion of trade and commerce was considerably aided by the payment of land revenue in cash.
•    Creation of a significant number of new cities that developed into centers of trade and commerce. Both Agra and Fatehpur are magnificent cities that are significantly bigger and more populous than London.
•    In India, several industries expanded. Numerous Indian arts and crafts items were highly well-liked both domestically and overseas. Naturally, this led to a huge increase in trade.
•    Trade activity increased as a result of the arrival of traders from Portugal, the Netherlands, and England. During Jahangir's rule, Sir Thomas Roe had won certain trading advantages.
•    Heavy traffic could easily travel along the rivers, some of which were passable all year long and others just sometimes. 


During the Mughal era in the middle Ages, inland trade flourished greatly. During this time, numerous large cities were developed and turned into centers of trade and commerce. Major trading items included commodities such food grain, salt, timber and iron tools, and coarse cotton textiles. India's key trading hubs were cities like Delhi, Agra, Lahore, Multan, Bijapur, Hyderabad, Calicut, Cochin, and Patna. Furthermore, commerce activity expanded as a result of the entrance of the Portuguese, Dutch, and English in India.

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