Theories Of Origin Of The Earth

Theories of Origin of the Earth

One of the earlier and popular arguments was by German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Mathematician Laplace revised it in 1796. It is known as the Nebular Hypothesis.
  • The hypothesis considered that the planets were formed out of a cloud of material associated with a youthful sun, which was slowly rotating.
  • In 1900, Chamberlain and Moulton considered that a wandering star approached the sun. As a result, a cigar-shaped extension of the material was separated from the solar surface. As the passing star moved away, the material separated from the solar surface continued to revolve around the sun and it slowly condensed into planets.
 
Theories Of Origin Of The Earth
 
The Big Splat Theory
  • It is now generally believed that the formation of the moon, as a satellite of the earth, is an outcome of ‘giant impact’ or what is described as “the big splat”.
  • A body of the size of one to three times that of mars collided into the earth sometime shortly after the earth was formed. It blasted a large part of the earth into space.
  • This portion of blasted material then continued to orbit the earth and eventually formed into the present moon about 4.44 billion years ago.
 
The Big Bang Theory
  • The most popular argument regarding the origin of the universe is the Big Bang Theory.
  • It is also called the expanding universe hypothesis.
  • According to this theory, the universe is expanding. As time passes, galaxies move further and further apart.
  • Edwin Hubble, in 1920, provided evidence for the same.

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