What Is The Real Meaning Of "introvert" And "extrovert"?
Consider the kind of evening you would want to have. Do you picture yourself attending a concert, going to a club, or going out to dinner with plenty of friends? Or do you want to spend the evening reading a nice book or catching up with a close friend? Our responses to such questions are taken into account by psychologists when determining our levels of introversion and extroversion, two personality traits that relate to our preferences for social interaction. We'll go over what introversion and extroversion are in the sections below, along with how they affect our wellbeing.
Model of Five Factors:
Psychological theories have focused on extroversion and introversion for many years. Nowadays, the five-factor model of personality, as it is known, includes both introversion and extroversion, according to psychologists who study personality. Five personality traits—extroversion (the opposite of introversion), agreeableness (altruism and concern for others), conscientiousness (how organized and responsible someone is), neuroticism (how much someone experiences negative emotions), and openness to experience—can be used to characterize people's personalities (which includes traits such as imagination and curiosity). This idea proposes a spectrum of personality qualities.
Multiple components make up the trait of extroversion, according to psychologists that employ the five-factor model. People that are more extroverted are typically more sociable, conversational, forceful, and inclined to seek out excitement. They are also believed to have more pleasant feelings. Conversely, those who are more introverted tend to be quieter and more restrained in social situations. It's important to note that shyness and introversion are not the same thing, introverts might occasionally experience shyness or anxiety in social situations.
Furthermore, being an introvert does not automatically make one antisocial. In an interview with Scientific American, bestselling author and self-described introvert Susan Cain describes: "We are not antisocial, rather, we are socially different. I need my family and close friends to survive, but I also need my alone time."
The 4 Different Introvert Types:
It was proposed in 2011 by psychologists at Wellesley College that there might be multiple different types of introverts. The authors hypothesized that not all extroverts and introverts are alike because introversion and extroversion are broad categories. Social introversion, thinking introversion, nervous introversion, and inhibited/restrained introversion are among the four categories of introversion that the authors propose.
According to this notion, a social introvert is a person who prefers to be by themselves or in small groups. Someone who leans toward introspection and thoughtfulness is a thinking introvert. In social situations, anxious introverts frequently exhibit shyness, sensitivity, and self-consciousness. Introverts who are restricted or inhibited don't typically seek out excitement and favor more laid-back pursuits.
Is Being An Introvert or An Extrovert Better?
In other words, persons who are more extroverted tend to be happier than introverts. But is this really the case? Psychologists have hypothesized that extroversion is connected with pleasant feelings. Extroverts frequently do experience more positive emotions than introverts, according to psychologists who looked into this issue. Researchers have also discovered evidence that "happy introverts" really exist, in one study, they discovered that around one-third of the happy participants were also introverts. In other words, although happier people tend to be introverts, more outgoing people may feel good emotions on average slightly more frequently.
According to author Susan Cain, extroversion is frequently regarded as a positive trait in American society and is the subject of her best-selling book "Quiet: The Power of Introverts." For instance, group projects, which extroverts tend to excel in, are frequently encouraged in the workplace and in the classroom.
Cain argues that by doing this, we are ignoring the potential contributions of introverts in an interview with Scientific American. Being an introvert, according to Cain, has some benefits. She suggests, for instance, that introversion and creativity may be associated. She also asserts that introverts can make effective managers because they may allow their staff members more freedom to work independently and may be more concerned with the success of the company as a whole than with personal accomplishments.
In other words, being an introvert has advantages even if being outgoing is frequently praised in today's society. To put it another way, neither being an introvert nor an extrovert is inherently better. Each of these two interpersonal styles has its own distinct benefits, and being aware of our personality features can help us learn and collaborate with others more successfully.
Psychologists have long used the labels introvert and extrovert to describe personality types. These characteristics are currently thought to be a part of the five-factor model, which is frequently used to assess personality. Introversion and extroversion have significant effects on our behavior and well-being, according to researchers who have studied them. Importantly, research indicates that each method of interpersonal communication has advantages of its own, therefore, it is impossible to say that one method is superior to another.
An Extroverted Introvert: What Is It?
Extroverted Introverts are those who exhibit both introversion and extroversion, but tend to trend more toward the latter. According to research, they have a distinct advantage over those who primarily identify as introverted or extroverted.
The five-factor personality model, which includes the degree of extraversion (also known as extroversion) as one of its factors, is widely accepted by modern psychologists. Extroverts find fulfilment in social engagement and the outside world, whereas introverts find energy in their own inner ideas and feelings. But many people fall between introversion and extroversion, They are referred to as ambiverts and, depending on their primary feature, can be either extroverted introverts or introverted extroverts.
The Big 5:
Along with extroversion, the five-factor personality model also contains the traits of agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism.
An Introverted Extrovert Is What?
Although they exhibit both introverted and extroverted features, introverted extroverts are generally introverted.
Who Are Ambiverts?
Ambiverts include both extroverted introverts and introverted extroverts. They might prefer to spend the evening alone or be the life of the party, depending on the situation. When the situation demands it, they can be reticent, and when an outgoing demeanor is more appropriate, they can be gregarious.
How Ambiversion Began:
Psychiatrist Carl Jung from Switzerland popularized the phrases extroversion and introversion in the 1920s. The more he looked into personality kinds, the more he discovered. These people were difficult to categories as extroverts or introverts.
He added, "There are people who are quite well-balanced who are just as much or just as little impacted from within as from without, proving that there is no such thing as a genuine extrovert or introvert."
Even though psychologists have been using the term "ambivert" since the 1940s, most people have never heard of it. The 21st century has seen a major increase in interest in ambiversion.
Additionally, more people are becoming aware that they are neither introverts nor extroverts, which is another factor contributing to the increased emphasis given to ambiversion.
Both ("both" and "to turn") are prefixes to "ambi" and ‘’vert’’.Introverts move within, whereas extroverts move outward. Depending on the circumstance, ambiverts may take an inward or an outward turn.
How Frequently This Personality Occurs?
According to Adam M. Grant, a psychology professor at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, two-thirds of people do not identify as extroverts or introverts. He calculates that ambiverts make up more than half of the population.
People are not consciously aware of the personality type they are. Instead, personality starts to form in early childhood and doesn't change much as we get older. That's because personality type is influenced by both environment and genetics, with extraversion being connected to dopamine levels in the brain.
According to a study led by Michael Cohen, dopamine, a neurotransmitter, has an impact on the brain circuits that "regulate reward, learning, and responses to novelty." According to his studies, extroverts' brains respond more strongly to risky activities like gambling. Dopamine has also been connected to personality in other research, specifically how much people enjoy novel and unusual events.
However, compared to extroverts, introverts have fewer dopamine receptors in their brains. Again, ambiverts fall somewhere in the middle, with a dopamine threshold that is higher than that of introverts but lower than that of extroverts.
Ambiverts' conduct is not entirely dominated by either extroversion or introversion. They won't likely be overstimulated by a night on the town, but they also won't likely be bored by a night at home reading a book.
They have elements of both but are neither wallflowers nor party beasts. Ambiverts are regarded to have certain advantages over introverts and extroverts since, overall, they have well-balanced personalities.
Advantages of Ambiversion:
Although it has long been believed that extroverts have the people skills, charisma, and showmanship needed to advance in the corporate world, research suggests that ambiverts may actually be more successful in their careers. According to Grant's study on the subject, ambiverts rather than extroverts make the best salespeople.
He administered a personality test to 340 call center employees, and the results showed that ambiverts outperformed average salespeople in terms of product sales per hour by 51%. Because the results of their personality tests lay between introversion and extroversion, he classified these employees as ambiverts.
So why did the ambiverts succeed so well? They are adaptive due to their personality qualities, they know when to be social and when to tone it down. Unlike introverts, who could be too hesitant to share much about themselves with clients, extroverts may not know when to rein in their outgoing dispositions.
This social adaptability enables ambiverts to interact effectively with a wide range of people, some of whom may be turned off by too animated and chatty salesman and others of whom may be more inclined to buy from an amiable salesperson.
The Challenges with Extroverted Introverts:
Ambiverts can have advantages over people with more extreme tendencies, but they also face challenges. To choose which aspect of their personality to display in a given circumstance, they must be self-aware. They must also learn to recognize when they are feeling more introverted and when they are feeling more extroverted, and to recognize when they are acting more introvertedly because doing so could emotionally exhaust them.
Another difficulty that ambiverts encounter is that some individuals may find it difficult to understand them. For instance, a coworker could be shocked to learn that the outgoing individual they met at work frequently prefers to spend quiet evenings with just one or two pals.
As a result, it's critical for ambiverts to understand when they are feeling more introverted or extroverted and to know when to set boundaries with people who try to force them to act in a certain way. More people are likely to become aware of their own and other people's ambivalent features as ambiversion awareness grows.