Political Attitudes

Political Attitudes

People's attitudes toward the areas of public life covered by political psychology are referred to as political attitudes. Your political attitude is how you feel about political issues or ideologies. The broad umbrella of political attitude encompasses attitudes toward patriotism, democracy, plebiscite, reservation for women, rights for transgender, equality, secularism, socialism, communism, communalism, ideals of transparency and accountability, corruption, voting, political parties, and so on.
UPSC Prelims 2024 dynamic test series
•    The terms radical, liberal, moderate, conservative, and reactionary are among the most commonly used to express political attitudes in political discourse. Where you fall on the political spectrum is determined by your political attitude.
•    The political spectrum is a system for describing and categorising various political viewpoints in relation to one another. 
•    These positions are represented by one or more geometric axes, each of which represents a separate political dimension. 
Political Attitudes
1.    Radicals are people who are extremely dissatisfied with the current situation. As a result, they advocate for a radical and immediate change in the existing order, advocating for something new and different in society.
2.    Liberals are less dissatisfied than conservatives, but they still want to change the system significantly. Liberals all believe in individual equality and competence. Liberals believe in free and fair elections, civil rights, and press freedom, among other things. 
3.    Moderates see little wrong with the current society, and conservatives are the only ones who are more resistant to change.
4.    Unlike liberals, conservatives are wary of bold efforts to improve the world for fear that inept intervention will exacerbate the problem. 
5.    Only reactionaries are opposed to modern institutions and values. They would see society go backwards in time, reverting to previous political norms and policies. With the overthrow of the Shah of Iran in 1979, for example, we witnessed a reactionary revolution.
6.    Libertarianism is a political philosophy that emphasises freedom, liberty, and voluntary association while minimising coercion. In comparison to most modern societies, libertarians advocate for a society with significantly less government.
•    On the right, people value authority, the rule of law, tradition, the concept of nation, and property rights, whereas on the left, people value social change, human equality, equal wages, and human rights.
•    Aside from philosophical convictions, there are a number of other factors that influence people's political views. The psychological aspects of the need for change are crucial. Economic conditions also play a role. 
•    Another factor is your age. Finally, one's perspective on the state of human nature is likely to be the most important factor in determining which side of the spectrum one will identify with. Each of these factors influences people's political views on various policy options.
•    The spectrum can shift to the left or right while a person remains stationary, just as people's views can change over time, changing their location on the continuum.
•    It is also important to note that the political spectrum of one society does not bear any resemblance to the political spectrum of any other society unless the status quo is the same in both. In one society, a policy may be conservative, liberal in another, and radical in a third.


•    People at all points on the political spectrum have an opinion about the current political system (the status quo) and, depending on their level of satisfaction or dissatisfaction, adopt specific policies, strategies, or take specific actions. 
•    Any society is subject to political change. Political change can be a difficult subject to grasp. With regard to the political spectrum, we must actually learn four things about the desired change or policy option. 
1.    We must determine whether a proposed change would move society forward or backward. Is the change progressive or regressive, in other words? Our society has a pro-progress inclination in general. 
•    Progressive change simply refers to a shift in a society's status quo to something new and different.
•    Retrogressive change, on the other hand, refers to a return to a policy or institution that was previously used by that society. 
•    For example, India's 1991 market liberalisation can be viewed as a progressive shift away from a controlled economy. It would be a step backwards if India's government imposed import substitution once more today.
2.    The depth of a proposed change is the second thing to consider when trying to locate desired policy options on the spectrum.
•    Is the desired change going to be a major or minor change in society? Would it alter or replace an institution that is critical to the current state of society? If that's the case, how likely is it that the proposed change will have unforeseeable and uncontrollable consequences once it's put in place? 
•    The further people are from the status quo, the more dissatisfied they are with the current order and the stronger their desire for change becomes.
3.     The third factor is people's desire for change to happen quickly. 
•    Obviously, the more dissatisfied people are with the status quo, the more impatient they are, and, as a result, the more quickly they would like to see the current order changed.
4.    The fourth factor to consider when it comes to the concept of change is how it is implemented. Political change can occur in a variety of ways: formally or informally; legally, illegally, or extra legally; gradually or suddenly; peacefully or violently.


1.    Economic pressures

•    Many people believe that economic pressures are the driving force behind their political decisions, and this appears to be true. People who are prospering in society are usually resistant to change. 
•    The poor, on the other hand, have little to lose and a lot to gain from change. Or at least that's what it appears to be.
•    However, economics is not the only factor that influences one's political beliefs. There are a lot of poor conservatives and a lot of wealthy socialists. In reality, no single factor influences people's political views.

2.    Age:

•    A person's age is frequently a significant factor
•    The young are more likely than the elderly to change. This is likely due to the fact that older generations may have a stake in the status quo that the younger generations do not. 
•    Not only do young people lack wealth, but they also lack a sense of commitment and belonging. Fifty-year-olds are more likely to feel a sense of ownership in society, not only because they helped to create it, but also because they have grown accustomed to it. 
•    The young, on the other hand, have neither of these reasons to be loyal to the system.

3.    Psychological factor:

•    Some people are also better suited to liberalism or conservatism psychologically than others. To be a liberal, one must have a high level of disorder tolerance.

4.    Nature of People:

•    What one believes the nature of people to be is perhaps the most important single determining factor in whether one will lean left or right. If you believe that a strong state is necessary for people's development and protection, you're probably on the right side of the political spectrum.
•    Anyone who believes that people may use the system for their own gain will rely on strict laws and harsh punishment for violators, believing that such measures are necessary to control errant behaviour. People who believe their fellow citizens are essentially good and rational, on the other hand, will lean left. 
•    They will try to reason with offenders and avoid impeding human liberty with "unnecessarily" harsh laws.
•    Many other factors influence political attitudes and behaviour, including family, gender, religion, race and ethnicity, and region.

5.    Family:

•    Despite generational differences and family disagreements, children often grow up to have the same political views as their parents. 
•    Families are usually the first, and often the most enduring, influence on young people's political opinions as they develop. 
•    Other influences crisscross the family as people get older, and their attitudes naturally diverge from their parents'. 
•    The influence, however, continues to exist. Logic dictates that the more politically active your family is, the more likely you will share their views.

6.    Gender:

•    Women's political attitudes are sometimes influenced by their husbands or other family members, but we often see that they hold opposing political views.
•    Women, on the whole, are liberal because they want equal rights, equal pay, and more opportunities. However, their political views are influenced by factors such as religion, family, and social class.

7.    Religion

•    Religious zealots frequently shape their political views in light of their religious beliefs and practises. 
•    They have a tendency to celebrate everything that conforms to their religion while condemning anything that challenges their basic religious way of life.

8.    Region

•    Political attitudes are frequently shaped by regional aspirations and insecurities. People tend to vote for regional parties because they are accustomed to them and their way of life.
Political Attitudes

9.    Political ideologies

•    Political Ideology is a set of ethical ideals, principles, doctrines, myths, or symbols held by a social movement, institution, class, or large group that explains how society should function and provides a political and cultural blueprint for a particular social order. 
•    A political ideology is primarily concerned with how power should be distributed and how it should be used. Some parties are devoted to a single ideology, while others may draw broad inspiration from a group of related ideologies without endorsing any of them. 
•    Political ideologies are divided into two categories: Goals: How should society function? (Or be arranged). Methods: The best methods for achieving the ideal arrangement.
•    The economy, education, health care, labour law, criminal law, the justice system, the provision of social security and social welfare, trade, the environment, minors, immigration, race, military use, patriotism, and established religion are just a few of the topics covered by political ideologies. 
•    Political ideologies shape political attitudes, which in turn influence political participation and expression.


1.    Maintaining Political Culture: In stable conditions, maintaining political culture is a critical function of political attitude formulation. This function is carried out through the transmission of political cultures from one generation to the next. However, in the current situation, political socialisation does not always serve to preserve political culture.
2.    Alteration of Political Culture: One of the most important functions of political attitude formation is the alteration of political culture. 
3.    Forming Political Attitudes: The process of forming political attitudes is used to create political culture. With the establishment of a new political system, every society must create a new political culture.
4.    Foundations of the Current Political System: In a totalitarian state, there is no room for opposing viewpoints, whereas in a democratic state, there is. In open societies, there are numerous opportunities for disagreement and opposition.
5.    Continuity and Change: Attitude formulation involves both continuity and change, and this is an important aspect of the process.

Any suggestions or correction in this article - please click here ([email protected])

Related Posts: