Pench National Park is located in the Madhya Pradesh districts of Chhindwara and Seoni (India). The Pench River, which runs through the National Park, inspired the name. The river divides the park into equal eastern and western halves—the well wooded areas of both districts—as it flows from north to south. The park is home to a variety of animal species, including wild guars, tigers, leopards, monkeys, and deer, among others. The park is located near Pauni on National Highway 7 and is only a short distance from Maharashtra and Nagpur. Turiya and Karmajhiri are two of the most well-known tourist entrance gates.
Pench National Park was established as a sanctuary in 1977, but it was elevated to National Park status in 1983. Later, in 1992, it was designated as the PenchTiger Reserve, which spans 758 square kilometres and includes the Pench National Park, which spans 292.85 square kilometres, and the Mowgli Pench Wildlife Sanctuary, which spans 118.30 square kilometres. Reserve Forests, Revenue Land, and Protected Forests make up a 346.73-square-kilometer buffer zone.
Pench National Park has a long and illustrious history. The Ain-i-Akbari (Constitution of Akbar), a 16th century document written by Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak (the Emperor Akbar's vizier) and recording the Emperor Akbar's administration empire, depicts its magnificence and natural wealth. Pench was the inspiration for Rudyard Kipling's popular novel "The Jungle Book." Above all, the BBC'Spy in the Jungle' third part special Tiger was also filmed in Pench National Park, and was based on the growth of four Tigers in Pench.
Teak coexists with other species such as saja, bijiayasal, lendia, haldu, dhaora, salai, amla, and amaltas in the park's forest cover. A maze of grasses, plants, bushes, and saplings cover the ground. Bamboo can also be found in some places.
Among the various shades of green, scattered white kulu trees, also known as 'ghost trees,' stand out. Mahua is another important tree in this area for both wildlife and tribal people. Mammals and birds eat the flowers of this tree, which are also harvested by tribal people for food and beer brewing.
WILDLIFE IN PARK
The fauna of Pench National Park is diverse, and it is home to a number of endangered species. The Tiger is the most dominant predator in these prey-rich woodlands, with around 25 of them. Dhol (Indian Wild Dog), leopard, hyena, wolf, jackal, and jungle cat are some of the other predators. Sambhar, chital, gaur, muntjac, langur, wild boar, and rhesus macaques are some of the prey species seen in the park. A herd of deer is a common sighting.
There are over 170 bird species, including migratory birds such as peafowl, crow pheasant, junglefowl, red-vented bulbul, crimson-breasted barbet, magpie robin, lesser whistling teal, racket-tailed drongo, egret, pintail, shoveler, and herons.
According to a study conducted in the year 1, the park is home to 25 tigers, 39 mammals, 13 reptiles, and three amphibians. In addition to mammals and other land-based flora and fauna, the park has a diverse bird population. 210 species of birds, including munias, barbets, minivets orioles, bulbul, waterfowls, wagtails, mynas, and blue kingfishers, were observed in this park, according to wildlife authorities.
BUFFER ZONES IN PENCH NATIONAL PARK
The Turia gate, the most elegant zone in Pench National Park, is only 1.5 kilometres from Village Machaan Resort. The park's entrance gate is adjacent to a wildlife museum that houses information on the park's various flora and fauna.
Karmajhiri, another premium entry gate to Pench National Park, is part of the Turia zone, which includes water bodies such as Bodanala and Sitaghat.
The Jamtara zone is a lovely expanse known for Sloth Bear sightings. It is located in the MP district of Chhindwara. From this zone, you can make an online reservation for the park.
Rukhad zone, also known as Bison Retreat, is located 35 kilometres away from Village Machaan Resort. Beautiful dense trees line the zone, which is a wild whisper to nature lovers looking for beauty, respite, and solitude.
Sillari Zone accepts entries all year, but is closed on Wednesdays. Garari, Teak, and Bamboo trees abound in this zone.
Khursapar, another protected zone in the Maharashtra section of Pench National Park, is located 9 kilometres from Village Machaan Resort. It is home to a variety of natural water bodies that attract a variety of birds and wild animals.
Blue Bulls, Wolves, and Leopards live at Wolf Sanctuary, which is known for its rugged, rocky terrain. This zone is designated for Night Safari, and numerous nocturnal species can be seen here.