• Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1942 in the Mudumalai forest area. Mudumalai is a Tamil word that means "ancient hill range."
• The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary covers a total area of 321 km2. During World War II, the forest's interior served as a training camp for soldiers destined for Burma. It took until 1977 for a 321 km2 district, including Mudumalai and some parts of the Sigur hills, to be included in the sanctuary's jurisdiction.
• Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary includes Mudumalai National Park. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary was designated as Mudumalai National Park in 1990, covering an area of 103.24 km2.
• Mudumalai was designated as a tiger reserve by the Tamil Nadu state government in April 2007.
• Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, along with Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala, Bandipur National Park in Karnataka, Mukurthi National Park, and Silent Valley in the south, is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
• The Moyar River flows into the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve and serves as a natural boundary between Mudumalai and Bandipur Sanctuary.
• Tall grasses known as "Elephant Grass" and timber species such as Teak and Rosewood can be found in the Reserve.
• The other tiger reserves in Tamil Nadu are Sathayamangalam, Kalakkad Mudunthurai, and Anamalai.
• The UNESCO World Heritage Committee is considering the Western Ghats Nilgiri Sub-Cluster, which encompasses all of Mudumalai National Park, for designation as a World Heritage Site.
• Tropical Evergreen Forest, Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest, Moist Teak Forest, Dry Teak Forest, Secondary Grasslands, Shrubs, and Swamps are among the habitats found here.
• There are about 50 species of fish, 21 species of amphibians, 34 species of reptiles, 200 species of birds, and 50 species of mammals in the park, which has a high diversity of animal life.
• Several endangered and threatened animals, such as elephants, tigers, gaurs, leopards, deer, and wild dogs are found here. The park is home to over 200 bird species, including the White-rumped vulture, Long-billed vulture, Red-crest vulture, Mynas, Parakeets, and Owls.
• The dry deciduous and dry thorn forests have more mammal diversity than the other ecosystems
. Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary is home to 13% of all mammal species found in India.
• The river Moyar, which flows along the Tamil Nadu-Karnataka border, divides the two states. The Park is bisected by the Mysore-Ooty highway, which follows the direction of the Moyar River, which divides Mudumalai and Bandipur.
• Because of its strategic location as a wildlife corridor between several other protected areas, Mudumalai Park is a valuable wildlife sanctuary and an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
• Bandipur National Park and Nagarhole National Park are located in the north, while the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the west, and Mukurthi National Park and Silent Valley National Park
are located in the south.
FLORA AND FAUNA
• The Reserve is home to tall grasses known as "Elephant Grass."
• Giant bamboo, as well as important timber species such as Teak, Rosewood, and others
• There are many native flora species.
• Tiger and Asian Elephant are the two flagship species.
• Other animals include the Indian Gaur, Spotted Deer, Common Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Wild Dog, and Jungle Cat.
• More than 260 different bird species can be found in the reserve.
• Mudumalai is home to 8% of all bird species found in India.
• Rare birds such as the Malabar grey hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, and Malabar laughing thrush are included.