The wide, evergreen Himalayan Dry Temperate Forest has an undergrowth of open brush. Most of these woods are located in the intermediate altitudes of the Himalayas. Their elevation fluctuates from 1800m to 3000m, depending on the surrounding conditions. This environment is dominated by coniferous and species with wide leaves. Snowfall and little precipitation are features of the Himalayan dry temperate woods.
Distribution of Himalayan Dry Temperate Forest
• The interior dry slopes of the Himalayas, where the southwest monsoon is least intense, are home to the Himalayan dry temperate forests.
• Additionally, they are spread in Sikkim, Ladakh, Lahul, Chamba, Kinnaur, and Garhwal.
• There are also these types of dry temperate forests in the Transhimalayan region.
• The summers are pleasant and warm, with highs that hardly ever get over 32 degrees Celsius.
• Winters are long, chilly, and have temperature swings. Minimum temperatures are below zero degrees Celsius, with annual average temperatures ranging from 5 to 16 degrees Celsius.
• The autumn season is brief before winter sets in.
• As early as November could see the first snowfall of the year.
• A large amount of the annual precipitation is made up of snow.
• The wintertime is marked by prolonged periods of below-freezing weather.
• The soil is underdeveloped, light, and rocky.
• The soil has a generally acidic pH. The soil's pH typically ranges from 5 to 6.5.
• Most of the land is steep and undulating. There are rough, steep hills.
• There are many different types of slides, including snow slides, avalanches, and rock slides.
• Conifers from the temperate zone including deodar, blue pine, fir, and spruce are mixed throughout the woodlands.
• Conifers and broad-leaved forms may coexist in relatively modest numbers, particularly in wet, shaded depressions.
• A single tree may reach a height of more than 40 meters.
• The trees in this forest type do not grow as tall as those in the very damp region of the western Himalaya.
• The extreme environmental conditions in the drier regions are most likely to blame for this.
• There are also dry zone deodar, Olive, Pinus gerardiana (often called chilgoza tree locally), and Quercus trees in this area.
• The higher division is where a number of blue pine communities are most likely to be found.
• Additionally, the driest interior tracts have the abhal, shupa, shur, and some picea smithiana trees.
• Ladakh's endangered species includes the snow leopard, Tibetan wolf, Tibetan argali, and black-necked crane.
• Additionally, a great deal of exotic migratory birds can be found here.
• The rarest and most beautiful wildlife species can live because of their special environment.
• Among the several more species are the urial, Tibetan antelope, Asiatic ibex, bharal, Tibetan hare, and marmot.
• Other animals found here include Ibex, Bharal, Red Fox, Marten, Weasel, Pika, Snow Cock, Bearded Vulture, Chukor, Golden Eagle, Griffon, Himalayan Chough, and Raven.
• They give us with clean water, habitats for wildlife, stable oils, wood, and other requirements of life.
• The local community greatly benefits from the beautiful greenery.
• These forests create a large amount of economic activity through promoting tourism and creating jobs.
Landslides brought on by geological processes have affected a sizable portion of the Himalayan dry temperate forest. Humans significantly influence the clearance of land for infrastructure and agriculture through logging, shifting cultivation, and counter fire. Snow scarcely touched the mid-range heights (1,900-2,700), where the majority of disruptions took place (>2,800 m). These dangers can't be totally eliminated. To enhance the amount of forest cover, more afforestation projects can be planned and human activities can be restricted.