Coal Reserves In India

The Coal resources of India are available in older Gondwana Formations of peninsular India and younger Tertiary formations of north-eastern region.
  • About 80 per cent of the coal deposits in India is of bituminous type and is of non coking grade.
  • Jharkhand has the largest reserves of coal in India followed by Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
  • The most important Gondwana coal fields of India are located in Damodar Valley. They lie in Jharkhand-Bengal coal belt and the important coal fields in this region are Raniganj, Jharia, Bokaro, Giridih, and Karanpura. Jharia is the largest coal field followed by Raniganj.
  • The other river valleys associated with coal are Godavari, Mahanadi and Sone.
  • The most important coal mining centre are Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh (part of Singrauli coal field lies in Uttar Pradesh), Korba in Chhattisgarh, Talcher and Rampur in Odisha, Chanda–Wardha, Kamptee and Bander in Maharashtra and Singareni in Telangana and Pandur in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Tertiary coals occur in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland. It is extracted from Darangiri, Cherrapunji, Mewlong and Langrin (Meghalaya); Makum, Jaipur and Nazira in upper Assam, Namchik – Namphuk (Arunachal Pradesh) and Kalakot (Jammu and Kashmir).
  • The lignite reserves stand at a level around 36 billion tons, of which 90 % occur in the southern State of Tamil Nadu.

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