Botanical Gardens

  • Botanic gardens are institutions holding documented collections of living plants for the purpose of scientific research, conservation, display and education.
  • In 2018, BGCI (Botanic Garden Conservation International) updated the criteria that define a botanic garden to have a greater emphasis on conserving rare and threatened plants, compliance with international policies and sustainability and ethical initiatives.
Purposes of Botanical Garden are:
  • To study the taxonomy as well as growth of plants
  • To study the introduction and acclimatization process of exotic plants
  •  It acts as a germplasm collection
  • It helps development of new hybrids
  • It augments conserving rare and threatened species
  • Education is a strength of botanic gardens that allows them to communicate the importance of conserving plants, reaching out to diverse audiences, and also to communicate how this may be achieved.
  • Linking plants with the well-being of people, and also helping conserve indigenous and local knowledge, to encourage the sustainable use of plant resources for the benefit of all, as part of sustainable development.
  • Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) is a membership organization, representing botanic gardens in more than 100 countries around the world.
  • It is an independent UK charity established in 1987 to link the botanic gardens of the world in a global network for plant conservation.
  • The mission is to mobilize botanic gardens and engage partners in securing plant diversity for the well-being of people and planet.
  • The typical member is a botanic garden, seed bank or other botanical institution. BGCI members also include botanic gardens, seed banks or botanical institutions that are being established or created, with an interest in developing their activities for the purpose of plant conservation and wish to seek the benefits that BGCI membership provides.

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