Bio-medical (waste Management) Rules, 2016


•    Vaccination camps, blood donation camps, surgical camps, and any other healthcare activity are now covered by the rules.
•    Within two years, phase out the use of chlorinated plastic bags, gloves, and blood bags;
•    On-site disinfection or sterilization of laboratory waste, microbiological waste, blood samples, and blood bags in accordance with WHO or NACO guidelines;
•    Train all health-care workers and immunize all health-care workers on a regular basis;
•    Create a bar-code system for bags or containers containing bio-medical waste that will be discarded;
•    Report major accidents; (g) Existing incinerators must meet the standards for secondary chamber retention time, as well as Dioxin and Furans, within two years.
•    In order to improve waste segregation at the source, bio-medical waste has been divided into four categories rather than ten.
•    Simplified procedure for obtaining authorization. For bedded hospitals, automatic authorization is available. For Bedded HCFs, the validity of authorization was synchronized with the validity of consent orders. Authorization for non-bedded HCFs only once; 
•    The new rules establish more stringent standards for incinerators in order to reduce pollutant emissions into the environment. 
•    Inclusion of dioxin and furan emission limits; 
•    Land will be provided by the state government for the establishment of a common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility; 
•    If a service of common bio-medical waste treatment facility is available at a distance of 75 kilometers, no occupier shall establish on-site treatment and disposal facility. 
•    Operator of a centralized bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility to ensure timely collection of bio-medical waste from HCFs and to assist HCFs with training.


•    To improve compliance and strengthen the implementation of environmentally sound biomedical waste management in India, rules have been amended.
•    To save the environment, the amended rules state that generators of biomedical waste, such as hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, and dispensaries, will not use chlorinated plastic bags and gloves in medical applications after March 27, 2019. According to the 2018 BMW rules, blood bags are exempt from the phase-out.


1.    By March 27, 2019, biomedical waste generators, such as hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, dispensaries, veterinary institutions, animal houses, pathological laboratories, blood banks, health care facilities, and clinical establishments, must phase out chlorinated plastic bags (except blood bags) and gloves.
2.    Within two years of the date of publication of the Bio-Medical Waste Management (Amendment) Rules, 2018, all healthcare facilities must make the annual report available on their website.
3.    By March 27, 2019, operators of common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facilities must implement a bar coding and global positioning system for bio-medical waste handling in accordance with the Central Pollution Control Board's guidelines.
4.    The State Pollution Control Boards/Pollution Control Committees must compile, review, and analyses the information received before sending it to the Central Pollution Control Board in a new Form (Form IV A), which requests detailed information on district-by-district bio-medical waste generation, information on Health Care Facilities with captive treatment facilities, and information on c
5.    Every occupier, that is, a person with administrative control over the institution and the premises that generate biomedical waste, must disinfect or sterilize laboratory waste, microbiological waste, blood samples, and blood bags on-site in the manner prescribed by the World Health Organization (WHO) or guidelines on the safe management of wastes from health-care activities.



•    Plastic has a wide range of applications, and its physical and chemical properties make it a commercial success.
•    The indiscriminate disposal of plastic, on the other hand, has become a major environmental threat. 
•    Plastic carry bags, in particular, are the most littered waste contributors; every year, millions of plastic bags end up in the environment via soil, water bodies, and water courses, and it takes an average of 1,000 years for them to decompose completely. 
•    To address the issue of scientific plastic waste management, the Plastic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, which included plastic waste management, were notified in 2011. The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, have been notified by the government, replacing the earlier Plastic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011.


1.    Increase the minimum thickness of plastic carry bags from 40 to 50 microns, as well as the minimum thickness of plastic sheets to 50 microns, to make it easier to collect and recycle plastic waste.
2.    Extend the scope of applicability from municipal to rural areas, as plastic has made its way into rural areas.
3.    Incorporate producers' and generators' responsibilities in the plastic waste management system, as well as introduce a collect-back system for plastic waste by producers/brand owners, in accordance with the extended producers' responsibility.
4.    To establish a waste management system by introducing the collection of plastic waste management fees through pre-registration of producers, importers, and vendors selling plastic carry bags/multilayered packaging.
5.    To promote the use of plastic waste for road construction as per Indian Road Congress guidelines, or for energy recovery, or waste to oil, or for other gainful uses of waste while also addressing the waste disposal issue; to entrust more responsibility on waste generators, such as payment of user charges as prescribed by local authorities, collection and handing over of waste by the institutional generator, and so on; to entrust more responsibility on waste generators, such as payment of user charges as prescribed by local authorities, collection and handing over of
6.    An eco-friendly product that is a complete replacement for plastic in all applications has yet to be discovered. It is impractical and undesirable to impose a blanket ban on the use of plastic throughout the country in the absence of a suitable alternative. The real challenge is to improve the systems for managing plastic waste.



1.    Since plastic has reached rural areas, these rules have been extended to include them. Gram Panchayat is given responsibility for enforcing the rules.
2.    For the first time, waste generators are held accountable. Individual and bulk generators, such as offices, commercial establishments, and industries, are required to segregate plastic waste at the source, hand over segregated waste, and pay user fees in accordance with local government bylaws. 
3.    After public events (marriage functions, religious gatherings, public meetings, etc.) held in open spaces, plastic products are littered. For the first time, event organizers have been held accountable for the waste generated by these events. 
4.    These rules apply to the use of plastic sheet for packaging and wrapping commodities, except when the thickness of the plastic sheet will impair the product's functionality. A large number of commodities are packed/wrapped in plastic sheets, which are then littered. 
5.    Provisions have been put in place to ensure that they are collected and routed to authorized recycling facilities. EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) was previously left to the discretion of local governments. For the first time, producers and brand owners have been held responsible for collecting waste generated by their products (i.e., those engaged in the manufacture or import of carry bags, multi-layered packaging, sheets, or the like, and those who use these for packaging or wrapping their products). They must approach local bodies to develop a plan/system for the management of plastic waste within the timeframe specified. 
6.    State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) will not register plastic bags or multi-layered packaging unless the producer submits an action plan that has been approved by the State Development Department. 
7.    Producers should keep track of the vendors who provided raw materials for the manufacture of carry bags, plastic sheets, and multi-layered packaging. This is to prevent these products from being manufactured in the unorganized sector. 
8.    Retailers and street vendors are the primary entry points for plastic bags, plastic sheets, and multi-layered packaging into the commodity supply chain. They have been given the task of not supplying commodities in plastic bags, plastic sheets, or multi-layered packaging that do not comply with these regulations. They'll have to pay the fine if they don't. 
9.    On payment of a registration fee, a plastic carry bag will be available only to shopkeepers/street vendors who have pre-registered with local bodies. The money collected as a registration fee by local governments will be used to manage waste. 
10.    The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has been tasked with developing thermoset plastic guidelines (plastic difficult to recycle). There was no specific provision for this type of plastic in the previous Rules. 
11.    In two years, the manufacture and use of non-recyclable multi-layered plastic will be phased out.


1.    On March 27, 2018, the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change published the Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2018.
2.    According to the amended Rules, the phase-out of Multilayered Plastic (MLP) now applies to MLP that are “non-recyclable, non-energy recoverable, or with no alternate use.”
3.    The amended Rules also establish a central registration system for producers, importers, and brand owners.
4.    The Rules also stipulate that any registration mechanism must be automated and take into account the producers', recyclers', and manufacturers' ease of doing business.
5.    The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) will develop a centralized registration system for the registration of producers, importers, and brand owners.
6.    While a national registry is required for producers with a presence in more than two states, smaller producers/brand owners operating in one or two states must register at the state level.

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