Rolling Settlement: Indian Economy

Rolling Settlement: Indian Economy


The technique of clearing trades over a preset number of days is known as rolling settlement. The stocks typically settle on a rolling basis on the second business day (T+2) following the trade's execution. In other words, the equities are transferred in dematerialized form to the investor's Demat account two days following the trade. 
Rolling Settlement: Indian Economy


•    Rolling Settlement is the practice of settling trading on days subsequent to the initial transaction date, resulting in a settlement date for today's trades that is one business day later than the settlement date for yesterday's trade.
•    It is carried out regardless of when the trades were finished.
•    After three working days, securities on the secondary market are settled.
•    Securities that are sold and settled on subsequent days are subject to rolling settlement.
•    The second day after they were executed (T+2), stocks often settle on a rolling basis based on their business. 


•    The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has given stock exchanges permission to begin using the T+1 system as an alternative to the T+2 system for the completion of share transactions as of September 2021.
•    A T+1 settlement cycle must be continued for a minimum of six months.
•    One month's notice would be needed if the shift back to T+2 were to be made.
•    T+2 refers to a settlement of the trade that occurs in two working days.
•    When a trade settles within one business day and the investor receives their funds the next day, this is referred to as T+1.
•    For instance, it takes T+2 days for a trade to settle if an investor purchases a stock on Monday. Therefore, the stock will be credited to the Demat account on Wednesday. Due to the T+1 settlement period and the fact that Tuesday is a business day, it is delivered on Tuesday.


•    Shorter time to settle collateral: reduced transaction settlement time as a result of a shorter cycle. As a result, less capital is needed to secure the securities.
•    Faster trade settlement: As the T+1 settlement method compels clearing corporations to settle the trade in half the time, it reduces the quantity of unsettled trades.
•    Reduced blocked capital: The amount of blocked capital needed by the system to protect against trade risk has decreased.
•    Reduced Systemic risk: A quick settlement cycle lessens the systemic risk for clearing organizations, which deal with a lot of outstanding transactions for a longer period of time during the T+2 cycle.
Rolling Settlement: Indian Economy


•    Working capital and capacity issues: Due to the existing workload being doubled, brokers will need more working capital, and banks and depository participants (DPs) will have more work to accomplish.
•    Infrastructure problems: Market infrastructure institutions (MIIs) do not have enough infrastructure to meet the deadlines for pay-in and payment as well as the deadlines for file transmission.
•    The Securities Lending and Borrowing window will be too short to be useful, and there may be spillover involving cooperation between numerous organisations, including fund managers, local and international custodians, brokers, clearing members, and exchanges.
•    Time zone mismatch: Foreign investors' problems pushed Taiwan, which had previously converted from a T+2 to a T+1 settlement cycle, to go back to a T+2 settlement cycle.
•    Tax computation problems Tax computation by The Global Investor's tax consultants frequently takes place on T+2 and T+3 days, which may force clients to hold onto their cash in Indian rupees for one or two days while tax computation is ongoing despite the fact that their pay-in was received on T+1.


The rolling settlement makes sure that there is a clear deadline and procedure for late filings by stockholders while also making sure that brokers' downloads of final obligation files are not slowed down. Since its implementation, dispute resolution times have been shortened and funding has been made available for investment.

Any suggestions or correction in this article - please click here ([email protected])

Related Posts: