Economic Census

Conducting periodic Economic Census has been the means of measuring the diversity of non-farm economic activities in all its major dimensions.
Economic Census
  • In respect of units operating in fixed premises/ locations, the Economic Census is expected to provide updates on units actually operative to the concerned registering /licensing authorities, most of whom have no mechanism to maintain live registers.
  • In respect of units without fixed premises / location and invisible units, the Economic Census is expected to provide location-wise information on number of units along with other characteristics.
  • The census also provides information on clustering of various economic activities/ occupations at different locations and on lack of adequate involvement in such avocations in some locations.
  • Comparing the information provided by two consecutive Economic Censuses will throw light on locations becoming more and more economically active, location that are not so, and on emerging activities/ occupations, and those that are waning away over time.
  • All this information is very important for policymakers in the government at all levels for evolving policy interventions.
  • The First Economic Census was conducted throughout the country, except Lakshadweep, during 1977 in collaboration with the States/ Union Territories (UTs).UPSC Prelims 2024 dynamic test series
  • The coverage was restricted to only nonagricultural establishments employing at least one hired worker on a fairly regular basis. Data on items such as description of activity, number of persons usually working, type of ownership, etc. were collected.
  • Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) conducts the Economic Census of India 2019.
  • CSC e-Governance Services India Limited, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) formed under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeITY), has been selected as the implementation agency for the development of ICT platform system and conduction of fieldwork for the 7th Economic Census.
  • The ministry aims to capture the complete count of all establishments located within the geographical boundary of India.
  • The exercise will start with the state of Tripura followed by Pondicherry.

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